Academic Catalog 2020-2021


Grading System

Letter Grades that Affect the Academic Index

A, A– excellent

The student has consistently demonstrated outstanding ability in the comprehension and interpretation of the content of the course. (Numerical Value: A = 4.0; A– = 3.7)

B+, B, B– above average

The student has acquired a comprehensive knowledge of the content of the course. (Numerical Value: B+ = 3.3; B = 3.0; B– = 2.7)

C+, C, C- acceptable

The student has shown satisfactory understanding of the content of the course. (Numerical Value: C+ = 2.3; C = 2.0; C- = 1.7)

D+, D less than acceptable

The student lacks satisfactory understanding of course content in some important respects. (Numerical Value: D+ = 1.3; D = 1)

F failure

The student has failed to meet the minimum standards for the course. (Numerical Value: F= 0)

WF (Withdrawal Failure)

Grade given to a student with a failing grade due to lack of attendance.

Note: The highest grade acceptable for recording is A (4.0) and not A+; D (1.0), not D–, is the only grade preceding F (0.0). The +/– grading system went into effect as of the fall 1989 semester and is not acceptable for recording purposes for prior semesters. Spring 2020 only; Pass/Fail accepted due to COVID-19 Pandemic.

Grades That Do Not Affect the Academic Index

AUD (Audit, no credit)

Students must register for courses they plan to audit by contacting the Registrar’s Office in person or by way of their Pratt email account.

CR (Credit)

Grade indicates that the student’s achievement was satisfactory to assure proficiency in subsequent courses in the same or related areas. The CR grade does not affect the student’s academic index. The CR grade is to be assigned to all appropriately documented transfer credits.

The CR grade is applied to credit earned at Pratt only if:

  • the student is enrolled in any course offered by a school other than the one in which the student is matriculated, and had requested from the professor at the start of the term a CR/NCR option as a final grade for that term; and
  • the instructor has received approval to award CR grades from the Office of the Provost. (This does not apply to liberal arts courses within the School of Liberal Arts and Sciences.)

IP (In Progress)

Designation used only for graduate student thesis, thesis project for which satisfactory completion is pending, or Intensive English course for which satisfactory competence level is pending.

INC (Incomplete)

Designation given by the instructor at the written request of the student and available only if the student has been in regular attendance, to indicate the student has satisfied all but the final requirements of the course, and has furnished satisfactory proof that the work was not comp­leted because of illness or other circumstances beyond his or her control. The student must understand the terms necessary to fulfill the requirements of the course and the date by which work must be submitted. If the work is not submitted by the understood date of submission, the incomplete will be converted to a failure. If unresolved at the end of the following semester, the grade is changed to failure with a numerical grade value of 0.

NCR (No Credit)

Indicates that the student has not demonstrated proficiency. (See CR for conditions of use.)

NG (No Grade Reported)

Indicates that the student was properly registered for the course but the faculty member issued no grade. The student should contact the professor. Students cannot graduate with an NG on their record.

NR (No Record)

Grade given for no record of attendance in an enrolled course. (All NR desig­nations must be resolved by the end of the following term or the grade is changed to a letter grade of F with a numerical value of 0.)

WD (Withdrawal from a registered class)

Indicates that the student was permitted to withdraw from a course in which he or she was officially enrolled during the drop period for that semester.

Grade Reports

Grade reports are not mailed to students. Grades may be obtained via (see instructions below). Professors submit final grades online and students are able to view their grades after they have been verified. If there are any questions about the grade received, a student should contact the instructor immediately. Only the instructor can change a grade by properly completing, signing, and submitting a Change of Grade form directly to the Office of the Registrar. Time limits have been allotted for resolving grade problems. Spring and summer grades may not be changed after the last day of the following fall semester. Fall grades cannot be changed after the last day of the following spring semester. Once this time limit has passed, all INC and NR grades will convert to grade of F. To view grades online:

  1. Log in with your OneKey at;
  2. Click on “Academic Tools” on the left side of the page, and click “log in”;
  3. After the system logs you in, click on the “Students” menu on the sidebar;
  4. Choose from the options offered under “My Grades and Transcripts.”

Final Grades, Grade Disputes, and Grade Appeal Policies

All grades are final as assigned by the instructor. If a student feels that a grade received is an error, or that he or she was graded unfairly, it is the student’s responsibility to make prompt inquiry of the instructor after the grade has been issued. Should this procedure not prove to be an adequate resolution, the student should contact the chair of the department in which the course was taken to arrange a meeting and appeal the grade. If this appeal is unsuc­cessful, a further and final appeal can be made to the dean of the school in which the course was taken. It is important to note that the faculty member who issued the grade holds the authority to change the grade except in cases of appealed grades.

If a grade is to be changed, the student must be sure that the change is submitted within the following semester. Petitions of change of any grade will be accepted only up to the last day of the semester following the one in which the grade was given. Other than resolution of an initially assigned incomplete grade or of a final grade reported in error, no letter grade may be changed following graduation.

Repeated Courses

A repeated course must be the same course as the one for which the previous final grade was awarded. Under­grad­uate students must repeat all required courses in which F is the final grade. (HMS 101 and 201 courses must be repeated if a grade of C is not earned.) No under­graduate student may choose to repeat a course that was passed with a grade of D or higher without specific authorization from the chair or dean. The initial grade will remain, but only the subsequent grade earned will be averaged in the cumulative index from the point of repeat onward.

Grade Point Average

A student’s Grade Point Average is calculated by dividing the total Grade Points received by the total Credits Earned. A Grade Point is computed by multiplying the Credits Attempted for each class by a numerical value called Quality Points earned for completing that class. Only credits evaluated with letter grades that earn quality points (see table below) are used in GPA calculations. Each semester has a minimum length of 15 weeks. In courses that are passed, a credit is earned for each period (50 minutes) of lecture or recitation, and for approximately one and one-half periods of laboratory or studio work, each week throughout one term or the equivalent.

Quality Points

Grade Quality Point
A 4.00
A- 3.70
B+ 3.30
B 3.00
B- 2.70
C+ 2.30
C 2.00
C- 1.70
D+ 1.30
D 1.00
F 0.00

If unresolved at the end of the following semester,

Grade Quality Point
INC = F 0.00
NR = F 0.00

In the following example the GPA is 3.33: Grade = Quality Points × Credits Earned = Grade Points

Grade Quality PointsxCredits Earned =Grade Points
A 4.00x3 12.00
B+ 3.30x3 9.90
B- 2.70x3 8.10

Total Grade Points ÷ Total Credits Attempted = Grade Points

30 ÷ 9 = 3.33 — 30 (total grade points) divided by 9 (total credits) makes a GPA of 3.33.

INC (Incomplete) and NR (No Record) carry no numerical value for one semester after the grade is given. Thereafter, if unresolved, the INC and NR grades convert to an F and carry a numerical value of 0.

The following grades do not carry numerical values and are never calculated in the GPA:

Grade Description
P Pass
CR Credit
U Unsatisfactory
WD Withdrawal
AUD Audit
NCR No Credit
IP In Progress

Final grades for credit transferred from other institutions to the student’s Pratt record are not computed in the GPA.

Academic Standing

Pratt Institute’s policies on academic standing intend to ensure that all students receive timely notification when they are subject to academic discipline or achieve academic honors.

Each student is responsible at all times for knowing his or her own standing. These standings are based on the published academic policies, regulations, and standards of the Institute. Students subject to academic discipline are encouraged to take advantage of support services available to them, including academic advisement, in an effort to help them meet Institute academic standards.

All students’ records are reviewed at the end of each semester to determine whether any student who has failed to remain in good standing may continue in the program.

Good Standing

All undergraduate students must maintain a cumulative GPA of at least a 2.0 (equivalent of a C) to remain in good standing. An undergraduate student whose GPA falls below a 2.0 at
any time may be subject to academic discipline. The specific conditions under which this policy will be invoked are as set forth by the dean of each school. Written notification will be furnished to the student by the dean.

Qualitative Standards of Academic Standing

The staff of each school’s advisement office evaluates the academic standing of its students twice during the academic year. The evaluations take place at the end of each major semester (fall and spring).

Academic standing is based on cumulative GPA (for academic discipline) and term GPA (for academic honors). Beginning with the spring 1992 semester, a student’s GPA above 2.0 will be rounded to one decimal point in evalu­ating eligibility for President’s List and Dean’s List honors and eligibility for restricted and/or endowed scholarships.

Standard notification letters are mailed to students in the following categories:

  • President’s List Honors recipients
  • Dean’s List Honors recipients
  • Academic probation standing
  • Candidates for academic dismissal

Semester-based distinctions are only available to under­graduate students registered for 12 or more credits. Semester-based distinctions are only available to students without any incomplete grades.

President’s List Honors recipients are defined as students whose term GPA is 3.6 or higher, and who have completed
12 or more credits in that term with no incomplete grades.

Dean’s List Honors recipients are defined as students whose term GPA is between 3.0 and 3.59, and who have completed 12 or more credits in that term with no incomplete grades.

Academic Probation

Students are, without exception, placed on academic probation in the first semester that their cumulative GPA falls in the ranges shown below:

Associate Degree

Credits Completed Cumulative GPA
1-23 1.500-1.999
24-58 1.500-1.999
59 or more <2.00

4-Year Degree

Credits Completed Cumulative GPA
1-23 1.500-1.999
24-58 1.500-1.999
59-97 1.700-1.999
98-134 <2.00
135 or more <2.00

5-Year Degree

Credits Completed Cumulative GPA
1-23 1.500-1.999
24-58 1.500-1.999
59-97 1.700-1.999
98-134 1.700-1.999
135 or more <2.00

No indication of academic probation will appear on a student’s transcript, but a record of probation will be maintained in the student’s academic file.

Academic advisement staff sche­dules progress meetings as necessary with each student during his or her probation semester.

Academic Dismissal

Students are limited to two non­consecutive probation semesters. Students who complete their first probation semester without achieving the required 2.0 cumulative average are subject to dismissal as described in item 1. If a student has been granted two prior probationary semesters, and his or her cumulative average falls below 2.0 for a third time, that student is subject to dismissal. Students who are dismissed can apply for readmission to Pratt and can seek advice on readmittance from the academic advisement staff of their school.

Students are subject to academic dismissal if their cumu­lative GPA is 2.0 or less at the end of an academic probation semester. Students are also subject to dismissal without prior probation if they do not meet minimum cumulative averages for their grade classification:

Associate Degree

Credits Completed Cumulative GPA
1-23 <1.500
24-58 <1.500
59 or more <2.00

4-Year Degree

Credits Completed Cumulative GPA
1-23 <1.500
24-58 <1.500
59-97 <1.700
98-134 <2.00
135 or more <2.00

5-Year Degree

Credits Completed Cumulative GPA
1-23 <1.500
24-58 <1.500
59-97 <1.700
98-134 <2.00
135 or more <2.00

Extenuating circumstances such as serious medical or personal disorders can lead to waiver of the academic dismissal. Probation may be offered to a student who completes an Appeal of Academic Dismissal form and obtains written approval from the dean of the school in which he or she is enrolled.

Standards of Degree Progress and Pursuit

Students must make reasonable progress in terms of credits completed each term in addition to meeting the standard for cumulative GPA. These standards ensure that students are making steady progress toward graduation and can help students avoid excessive student loans. Please see page 195 for further information on Satisfactory Academic Progress (SAP).